. Anterior bone spine. OrthopaedicsOne Articles. In: OrthopaedicsOne - The Orthopaedic Knowledge Network. Created Jun 12, 2010 17:13. Last modified Sep 21, 2011 09:19 ver.4. Retrieved 2019-03-24, from https://www.orthopaedicsone.com/x/3w0CAg.
- Bacterial infection (discitis)
- Tuberculous infection
- Neurofibroma (enlarging foramen)
- Aneurysmal bone cyst
- Giant cell tumor
- Metastatic disease
- Non-tuberculous infection is centered at the disc space with involvement of the vertebral end plates on either side of the disc.
- Soft tissue neurofibromas may cause enlargement of foramina with surrounding sclerosis.
- Hemangioma is usually an incidental finding, with typical coarsened vertical trabeculae.
- Aneurysmal bone cyst and giant cell tumor can be destructive and may cause neurologic damage.
- Metastatic disease usually starts in the pedicle.