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Pilon (tibial plafond) fractures - Ruedi and Allgower classification

Classification

Type I: Intra-articular fracture of the distal tibia without significant displacement

Type II: Intra-articular fracture of the distal tibia with significant displacement but minimal comminution

Type III: Fracture of distal tibia with severe comminution and significant intra-articular displacement.

Explanation

In 1979, Ruedi and Allgower proposed the above classification on the basis of involvement of the articular surface and comminution of the fracture.

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Reference(s)

Provide the citation for the landmark article and recent review articles describing the classification

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