The tibial plateau is a critical weight-bearing area located on the upper extremity of the tibia. It is composed of two slightly concave condyles (medial condyle and lateral condyle) separated by an intercondylar eminence and the sloping areas in front and behind it.
The tibial plateau can be divided into three areas:
- Medial tibial plateau, the part of the tibial plateau that is nearer to the center of the body and contains the medial condyle
- Lateral plateau, the part of the tibial plateau that is farthest away from the center of the body and contains the lateral condyle
- Central tibial plateau, located between the medial and lateral plateaus and containing the intercodylar eminence