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Related Labels: complications, postural_kyphosis, spine_fracture, lumbar_degenerative_disc_disease, operative_techniques_review, spinal_cord_injury, kyphosis, spine_anatomy, scheuermann's_kyphosis, classification, spinal_cord, mskmed, idiopathic_scoliosis, coa, pediatric, vertebrae, outcomes, spinal_cord_monitoring, child_abuse, more »

Page: Adult Scoliosis
Epidemiology Adult scoliosis can be defined as a spinal coronal plane deformity of greater than 10° that presents in a skeletally mature individual. A number of studies have reported the prevalence of…
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Page: Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion
Indications Indications for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) include compression of neural elements (causing radiculopathic or myelopathic signs and symptoms) due to degenerative disease…
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Page: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Indications Since its original description in 1932,1 anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) has been used to address: Low-grade spondylolisthesis Degenerative disc disease Failed posterior spinal fus…
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Page: Atlanto-occipital dislocation (craniovertebral dissociation)
Classification Type I: Occipital condyles anterior to the atlas; most common Type II: Condyles longitudinally; result of pure distraction Type III: Occipital condyles posterior to the atlas Explanatio…
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Page: Atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation - classification
Classification Rotatory subluxation is classifed into four types depending upon the degree of separation of the dens from the anterior arch of atlas: Type I : Atlanto-dens distance <3 mm; transverse l…
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Page: C-Spine Evaluation and Clearance
Background Cervical spine injury is present in 2-6% of all trauma patients, and it can be a cause of major long-term disability.1 Overall, between 50% and 64% of spinal injuries involve the cervical s…
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Page: C2-C3 traumatic spondylolisthesis (hangman's fracture) - Levine-Edwards classification
Classification Type I: Minimal translation (<3mm) without C2-C3 angulation; stable Type II: Significant C2-C3 angulation and translation (>3mm); disc disruption, unstable Type IIA: More angulation tha…
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Page: Cervical spine injuries - Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) classification
Classification Type A: Compression injuries of the body (compressive forces) Type A1: Impaction fractures Type A2: Split fractures Type A3: Burst fractures Type B: Distraction injuries of the anterior…
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Page: Complex Procedures - Revision Surgeries and Spine Osteotomies for Idiopathic Scoliosis
Although not common, revision procedures in paediatric scoliosis surgery present a significant challenge to the treating surgeons. This article reviews the common indications for complex spinal recons…
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Page: Complications of Surgical Procedures for Idiopathic Scoliosis
Data from the US National Inpatient Sample (NIS) indicate that of 51,911 patients undergoing spinal fusion for idiopathic scoliosis between 1993 and 2002, the in-hospital complication rate was 14.9% f…
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