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All content with label musculoskeletal_tumor.
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Page: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) (OrthopaedicsOne Articles)
Tumor biology and incidence Also known as undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma (World Health Organization) Rare malignant tumor of mesenchymal origin (approximately 1-5% of all malignant bo…
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Page: McCune-Albright Syndrome (OrthopaedicsOne Articles)
Definition Syndrome of fibrous dysplasia associated with skin and endocrine manifestations Manifestations Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia Tendency for the bone lesions to be unilateral Cafe au lait spot…
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Page: Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (OrthopaedicsOne Articles)
Rare tumor Most common in 10- to 30-year-olds Poor prognosis Radiographic pattern usually lytic, destructive, and permeative Microscopic appearnce Small cells juxtaposed to lobules of chondroid tissue…
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Page: Metaphyseal and metaphyseal-diaphyseal bone lesions (OrthopaedicsOne Articles)
Non-tumor Bone infarct Infection Paget's disease Benign Osteoid osteoma Osteoblastoma Enchondroma Chondromyxoid fibroma Non-ossifying fibroma (fibrous cortical defect, fibrous histiocytoma of bone) Fi…
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Page: Multiple hereditary exostoses (familial osteochondromatosis) (OrthopaedicsOne Articles)
Tumor biology and incidence Autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by the formation of multiple osteochondromas or exostoses in the axial and appendicular skeleton Estimated to occur in 1 of 50,000…
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Page: Musculoskeletal Tumors - The Five Presenting Complaints (OrthopaedicsOne Articles)
Most patients with musculoskeletal tumors present with one or more of five signs or symptoms. In some cases (for example the patient complaining of a soft tissue or bony mass), the symptoms are easily…
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Page: Myeloma (OrthopaedicsOne Articles)
Tumor biology and incidence Most common primary malignant tumor of bone (approximately 50% of malignant bone tumors) Malignant tumor of plasma cells, characterized by widespread osteolytic bone destru…
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Page: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (OrthopaedicsOne Articles)
Tumor biology and incidence May affect skeletal system either as primary or secondary disease (metastasis) Distinction is important prognostically: primary lesions potentially curable, secondary lesio…
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Page: Nonossifying fibroma (OrthopaedicsOne Articles)
Tumor biology and incidence Common benign lesion that is latent or active; rarely aggressive Likely at one time a fibrous cortical defect that continued to enlarge Approximately 5% of all investigated…
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Page: Ollier's Disease (Multiple Enchondromatosis) (OrthopaedicsOne Articles)
Background Inborn error of osseous development with respect to endochondral ossification Lesions generally involve metaphysis and diaphysis Often a predominant unilateral distribution No hereditary or…
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