Introduction

Summary about significance of fracture including epidemiology.

Anatomy

Review the relevant anatomy of the bone, the joint, surrounding soft tissues etc. Discuss important neurovascular considerations (blood supply etc).

Classification

Describe current classifications, including strength and weaknesses.

Presentation

Include:


Classic history


Physical Examination


Radiographic studies – which to order and pertinent findings


Lab studies (if relevant)

Diagnosis

Discuss important factors in making the diagnosis. What else should you be thinking of? Associated injuries? Underlying conditions?

Treatment

Include:


Immobilization – describe technique


Percutaneous fixation


Open fixation


Other surgical

Create link to article on operative technique

Complications

Include:


Complications of injury


Complications of treatment

Red Flags and Controversies

Outcomes

Include functional and implant issues as applicable

References

Insert recent references and landmark articles