Current clinical and instrumented outcome measurements of knee instability lack accuracy, especially when multiplanar instability is considered. The aim of our cadaveric study was to describe the kinematics in the intact, double bundle, and anteromedial bundle reconstructed anterior cruciate ligament knee by applying a protocol for computer-assisted evaluation of knee kinematics. An optical navigation system was used to acquire knee motion (n = 5) during clinical evaluations by tracking markers rigidly attached to the bones. The protocol included acquisition of anteroposterior translations and internal-external rotations and evaluation of three clinical knee laxity tests (anterior drawer, manual, and instrumented Lachman). Our anteroposterior translation data showed the double-bundle technique and anteromedial bundle technique could restore anteroposterior stability comparable to the intact state. For internal-external laxity, the double-bundle technique demonstrated overcorrection at 15°, 60°, 75°, and 90°. The anterior drawer and manual Lachman knee laxity tests showed improved stability for the double-bundle compared to the anteromedial bundle technique. This pilot study suggests the computation of knee laxity with a high precision method might be a step toward a more precise kinematic test of knee stability for evaluating different reconstruction methods.

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