Starting Position

Stabilize the calcaneus in one hand and use the other hand to push the forefoot laterally and medially.

Ending position

5 degrees of motion is average. However, motion for this joint is hard to measure and it is more important to note if motion is present or not.

Clinical Significance

Forefoot abduction and adduction primarily takes place in the transverse metatarsal joints. Limited motion may be due to inflammation or arthritis of these joints.