Location

Knee

Diagnosis

ACL rupture

Discussion

Avulsion fractures of the lateral tibial plateau, known as the lateral capsular sign, are increasingly associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures. This phenomenon, known as the Ségond fracture, is a bony avulsion of the menisco-tibial ligament. Stress, which can lead to an avulsion of this kind, almost always occurs during knee flexion and internal tibial rotation, and in most cases only after damage to the primary ACL stabilizer. Examination of 151 ACL ruptures revealed a Ségond fracture in 9% of patients. Nearly all were caused by sports injuries and, understandably, the accident mechanism always included knee flexion and internal rotation of the tibial. In a similarly large number of other knee injuries without damage to the ACL, only one case of a Ségond fracture was found. This phenomenon, which is easy to detect by radiograph, can thus be regarded as a strong indication of the presence of a ligament injury.

Reference

Hess T, et al. Lateral tibial avulsion fractures and disruptions to the anterior crucial ligament. A clinical study of their incidence and correlation. CORR. 1994 Jun;(303):193-7.

Segond P. Recherches cliniques et expérimentales sur les épanchements sanguins du genou par entorse. Progres Med 1879; 7:297-299, 319-321, 340-341.

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