Contents

Name of bone

Temporal

Location/Articulation

The temporal bones are situated at the sides and base of the skull and and lateral to the temporal lobes of the cerebrum. They support the temples.

Each temporal bone consists of four parts:

  • Squama temporalis, which forms the anterior and upper part of the bone. It is scale-like, thin, and translucent.
  • Mastoid portion, which forms the posterior part of the temporal bone.
  • Petrous portion (petrosal ridge), which is pyramidal and is wedged in at the base of the skull between the sphenoid and occipital bones.
  • Tympanic part, which is a curved plate of bone lying below the squama and in front of the mastoid process.

The temporal bones articulate with the occipital, parietal, sphenoid, and zygomatic bones and the mandible.


Figure 1. Bones of the cranium

Muscle and ligament attachments

Surface anatomy

Radiography

Physical examination

Embryology

Anomalies

Injuries/Disorders

Attachments:


temporal.jpg (image/pjpeg)


120px-Gray188_temporal.png (image/png)