Metastatic lesions to bone outnumber primary bone malignancies. Osseous metastases to the tibia tend to be less common than osseous metastases to other long bones. This study examined the treatment options for a population of patients with metastatic disease to the tibia, with surgical intervention being the cornerstone of treatment for the osseous lesion. A multicenter study had 592 patients with metastatic disease to the bone, with 26 lesions occurring in the tibia (4.4%) during a 13-year period. No patient had concurrent metastases distal to the elbow. After confirmation of metastatic disease, treatment consisted of surgical intervention in all patients, including plate osteosynthesis, intramedullary rodding and cementation, endoprosthetic replacement, and in most patients, postoperative radiation therapy. In 96% of patients, the reconstruction outlasted their life expectancy. All patients were satisfied with their reconstruction. Four complications were encountered in the postoperative period, all requiring additional surgery. Aggressive treatment of osseous metastasis is justified in patients with metastatic disease despite a limited life expectancy. Intervention by an orthopaedic oncologist may result in fewer reconstructive failures. Surgical intervention contributes to an improved quality of life and limb function, ease of nursing care, and may help in maintaining patient independence.

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