Surface Anatomy

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    Range of Motion

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      Note: Normally with extremity joints, the extent of motion is checked passively. However, unless you are in the WWE, you should not be twisting another person’s spine. As such, inferences from spine ROM data are limited, precisely because ROM itself may be limited by patients’ volitional control. The tests below are listed as “passive” only in the sense that they focus on the extent of motion and not the muscles that power the motion.

      Tests

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