Name of test

Rise from squat or climbing a stair

What it tests

Quadriceps strength

How to do it

  • Ask the patient to squat and then rise on the affected leg.
  • Or, ask the patient to take one step up a stair and push off on the leg taking the stair

The normal response

5/5 strength

What it means if not normal

Weakness of the quadriceps produced by either a muscular or neurologic etiologies



Hoppenfeld, Stanley. Orthopaedic Neurology. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1997.

K. Anderson, J. Hall. Sports Injury and Management: Philadelphia: Williams & Wilkins,1995.

Reider, Bruce. The Orthopaedic Physical Examination, 2nd Ed.: Philadelpiha: Elsevier Saunders, 2005.

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